The standards were developed by the ARINC Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee (AEEC) based on tracking requirements and objectives for airline operators developed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in the Doc 10054 on locating aircraft in distress.
This ICAO Global Aeronautical Distress and Safety System (GADSS) requirement is already enforced in some regions and is required everywhere by January 1, 2021.
Blue Sky Network ADT System
GNSS satellite provides positioning information to the aircraft antenna.
HawkEye ADT system detects distress condition and within five seconds transmits minute-by-minute position reports. System has battery backup power, allows manual activation and can be deactivated only by the process that activated it.
Iridium satellite relays position reports through protected aeronautical safety/distress spectrum provided by the Iridium satellite constellation.
Ground system receives position reports from satellite and sends them to Blue Sky Network’s SkyRouter tracking platform.
SkyRouter tracking platform provides secure web access to position reports displayed graphically on a map and other flight data.
Airline Operations Center (AOC) monitors position reports and other flight data received for higher operational efficiency and situational awareness.
Location of Aircraft in Distress Repository (LADR) receives data after AOC validates distress and initiates the data feed.
The HawkEye ADT is the first aircraft device developed to provide airline operations centers (AOCs) full autonomous distress tracking (ADT) compliance with ICAO-GADSS.
SkyRouter Command Center
SkyRouter is a cloud-based fleet management solution that can track, monitor, and provide communications for all your assets, anywhere in the world, from one online portal. SkyRouter communicates with tracking hardware to provide a secure web interface that displays positions on various overlay maps. It also handles two-way message traffic, events, alerts, and telematic data. SkyRouter lets you monitor, control, interact, and communicate with your assets in real-time, from anywhere.
Iridium Satellite Network
Iridium operates the world’s largest commercial constellation, with a mesh architecture of 66 cross-linked low-earth orbit (LEO) satellites providing inherent performance and dependability advantages. At only 476 miles (780 km) from the Earth, the proximity of Iridium’s LEO network means pole-to-pole coverage, a shorter transmission path, stronger signals, lower latency and shorter registration times.
Iridium’s global constellation is supported by a recently upgraded, extensive ground infrastructure that ensures high reliability and capacity of the communications network through multiple layers of redundancy, security, and back-up systems for all critical functions.
Complete ICAO-GADSS Compliance
The HawkEye ADT is the key component of the Blue Sky Network ADT system and it is set to provide full alignment with ICAO-GADSS defined concept of operations.
(1) Ground-based and space-based ADS-B have significantly different capabilities
(2) Architecture requires additional component(s) to process input from aircraft systems and to detect and trigger ADT logic
(3) Only if Iridium-based
(4) Space-based ADS-B only
(5) Not required if reliable ATS surveillance is always available at 15-minute or better intervals
(6) Assumed, but unclear at this point
(7) Power only; not resilient to communication/navigation systems failures
(8) Examples include automated take-off / landing, 3D geofencing, variable reporting rates, OOOI times, ETA, ETE, route deviations, etc.
Following several recent high profile accidents where downed aircraft could not be efficiently located, or at all, the Global Aeronautical Distress and Safety System (GADSS) recommendations were adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in March 2016.
The GADSS concept of operations is to provide autonomous global, end-to-end tracking of commercial flights so that an aircraft is never “lost.” It focuses on the detection of aircraft in distress anywhere in the world. It supports accurate tracking throughout the flight so the search and rescue (SAR) procedure can be initiated, if required, and rescuers directed to the correct location. This process enables more efficient SAR operations as well as timely retrieval of the flight data recorder (FDR).
As of January 1, 2021, all three standards of GADSS will apply to all new-built aircraft with take-off weight greater than 27,000 kg. Other new aircraft with take-off weight greater than 5,700 kg are also recommended to comply with the GADSS requirement from the same date.
Learn more about how our industry-leading solutions can help your flight operations meet GADSS requirements.